Sunday, October 30, 2011

Those Places Thursday on Sunday: Donnell Farm, Hyde, NC

Donnell Farm may have been the reason my folks wound up in Hyde County. If you have read my earlier posts about the Whitneys, then you know I believe that my Whitney Ancestors came to America en-route to Virginia and then traveled south to New Bern, NC. They, according to oral history in my family were of Portuguese descent from the Azores Island, arriving and staying in Bermuda for a period of time and eventually making their way to America....and as on the show Seinfeld they would say, "Yadayadayada, here I am."   So what's the connection to Donnell Farm?

For the years 1830 and 1840, the family is headed up by my 4th great grandfather Samuel Whitney, residing in New Bern, NC.

Images courtesy of

For 1850 and 1860, I cannot find the family on the censuses for New Bern or Swan Quarter, Hyde, NC. Perhaps they had moved to a different area or were simply missed by census takers. 

By 1870, Thomas Whitney, the son of Samuel and his extended family are shown  living in Hyde County.

Now this is the part where we start talking about Donnell Farm. I found an excerpt from a book on-line called " The Development of African American English," by Walt Wolfram and Erik R. Thomas. The passage detailed information regarding a Judge John R. Donnell who owned a plantation in Hyde County. He was a large slaveholder and he was also an absentee landowner who resided in New Bern. Many of his slaves were brought in from New Bern to his farm in Hyde County. "In addition to slaves a small number of free African Americans lived in the county throughout this period." When I read those words, I started thinking about this theory. 

Now if Thomas Whitney was of Portuguese descent, who would he have had the opportunity to meet and marry back in the mid--1800's? I believe he was one of the Free Colored Persons --Males aged 10 thru 23 on the 1830 Census under the household of his father Samuel Whitney. More than likely he would have met and married a slave or another free person of color. Then the Civil War hits. New Bern becomes Union occupied and eventually Hyde County as well. 

Another book I came across called "Masters of the Big House:  Elite Slaveholders of the Nineteenth Century," by William Kaufmann Scarborough, had an interesting continuation of the story of Judge Donnell in it. It describes what happened to some of his assets during the war.

One of those driven from his home was Judge John R. Donnell who fled to Raleigh, where he remained for the duration of the war. Donnell later complained that it had been his "peculiar misfortune" to have had nearly all his business interests in the "most endangered" locations:  New York, New Orleans, New Bern, and above all, Hyde County, North Carolina, "where a large and valuable plantation with more than 300 slaves" was "now behind the lines of the Enemy or entirely beyond his control."

Then I found another interesting resource, a magazine called High Tides Vol XXVII Number 2 Fall 2006. The name of the article is "Hyde County Public Buildings and What Went on Inside:  The Antebellum and Civil War Years." by Richard B. Lupton

The August 1865 court assigned all the free Negroes living on the North Lake Farm of E. H. Saunderson and all hands subject to the road living on the farm of John R. Donnell to work on the main road leading from the lake to the fork at A.B. Swindell's( This order probably concerned the emancipated slaves that continued to live on the John R. Donnell's land after the Civil War.)

So from all this I believe that the Whitneys probably sensed an opportunity in Hyde County to be able to work the land, perhaps maybe even to own a piece for themselves. Now this is just a theory but it is sounding pretty good to me so far. 

Donnell Farm is sometimes referred to as Donald Farm in history books. When you use Google Maps it is labeled Donald Farm. 

Closeup of a map at the NC State Archives called "Hyde County, North Carolina (State Highway and PublicWorks Commission)" Published in 1938.
Lake Comfort is shown labeled in the center and is apparently where my Whitney Clan lived. It spans approximately from Swindell Fork on until it ends at where the map is labeled New Holland (part of the word Holland is cut off in the right portion of the map).

Map Provided by Google Maps
The Letter A marks the location of Donnell Farm.

Now you may have noticed on the last map that there is a cemetery  next to Donald Farm or as I would like to call it Donnell Farm. Are you thinking what I'm thinking? Have to see if there is listing somewhere of who's buried there. I'll keep you posted. 

© 2014, copyright Andrea Kelleher. All rights reserved.

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Wordless Wednesday: Hyde County, NC

Closeup of a map at the NC State Archives called "Hyde County, North Carolina (State Highway and PublicWorks Commission)" Published in 1938.
Lake Comfort is shown labeled in the center and is apparently where my Whitney Clan lived. It spans approximately from Swindell Fork on until it ends at where the map is labeled New Holland (part of the word Holland is cut off in the right portion of the map)

So the book came. That's right, the book I ordered a couple of days ago called "Hyde County History:  A Hyde County Bicentennial Project" by the Hyde County Bicentennial Committee. It is an excellent resource if you have connections to Hyde County. I have only started to skim through it but it looks like it has lots of good information. I have even surmised a theory for why and how the Whitneys may have left New Bern to come to Hyde County sometime during the years following the Civil War. Some good posts are definitely to come.

Monday, October 24, 2011

My Current Obsession--Hyde County, NC

My Whitney family line lived in an area called Lake Comfort, Hyde, NC. It is associated with Swan Quarter, NC. This is my current obsession. This area is rural, small population now and it has always been that way. Have to wait  a couple of days for a book I ordered to come in.  It is called, "Hyde County History: A Hyde County Bicentennial Project" by the Hyde County Bicentennial Commitee. Curious to see what info I may be able to gather from this book. My 2nd great grand uncle's Civil War Pension file I have found so interesting so far, but now I am thirsting for more information about Swan Quarter, Hyde, NC.  I will keep you posted. Happy Researching, Everyone out there in the Blogosphere.

Wednesday, October 19, 2011

Wedding Wednesday: My Wedding March 30, 2005

Recreation Park March 30, 2005
Binghamton, NY
My son is the best man. 

Just Breathe! Whooh.

What a great day! We had been together for almost 10 years at this point, so we were already committed to each other. It was nice making it official, especially with our son as best man. Went home and had hot dogs for dinner and that is how we celebrate our anniversary...that's right with hot dogs. 

Tuesday, October 18, 2011

Oops! My Bad..It was Folly Island, not Pawleys Island, SC

Okay, I made a mistake. I was researching my ancestor Augustus Whitney last night and came across information regarding Folly Island, SC . The first time I used Google to search, I kept putting in Polly Island or Holly Island, SC because to me, that is what the cursive writing on the Civil War pension file looked like. The only thing that came up that was close was Pawley's Island, SC so I assumed, well maybe back in the day they spelled it as Polly and then later it was modified to Pawley. Well, You know what happens when you assume.  I looked at the file again last night and decided, well maybe that is an F not a P and guess what came up..Folly Island, SC. The site of a staging area for Union troops during the Civil War. I found some great information on the site called the civilwaralbum. here's the link to the section about Folly Island.

Another good read was a Los Angeles Times Article from 2010 that centered around a man discovering remains of African American soldiers on Folly Island in 1987. Here's the link for this one.

The significance of Folly Island for me is, that is where Augustus Whitney injured his right elbow from a fall from a parapet of a fort.

Friday, October 14, 2011

Dr. John DeGrasse--African American Civil War Surgeon.

When I was reviewing my 2nd great grand uncle's civil war pension file I came across some interesting side-note information. One of those little known facts that is often overlooked when discussing the grand story of the Civil War. According to Augustus Whitney's pension file he was treated by a Dr. John V. DeGrasse. So now in this age of google, I decided to google the good doctor's name and I was brought to several articles about the man. 

Dr. John DeGrasse--African American Civil War Surgeon. --How Did I Get Here? My Amazing Genealogy Journey
Dr. John V. DeGrasse
African-American Doctor who served as assistant surgeon with the 35th United States Colored Infantry.
Image Courtesy of the Massachusetts African American Museum, Boston & Nantucket, MA and the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Here is one that appeared in Black America, Dated Thursday December 16, 2010 By Erica Taylor

Another golden nugget I found, was on the RootsWeb Page (An Community), called The African American's Civil War: A History of the 1st North Carolina Colored Volunteers. Chapter 2 -Part 1.

This second article gives lots of information about the formation of the 1st North Carolina Colored Volunteers which was later renamed the 35th United States Colored Infantry. Towards the end of the article it gives a little more detail about the controversy that arose as the result of  Dr. DeGrasse being appointed to this unit.

Tuesday, October 11, 2011

How Did Augustus Whitney Become Injured During The War?

So How did Augustus Whitney, my 2nd great grand uncle get injured during the Civil War? This Department of the Interior Document provides a summary of what happened. 

Department of the Interior
Pension Office

                                                                                             June 23, 1884


                  I have the honor to request that you will furnish from the records of the War Department a full report as to the service, disability and hospital treatment of Augustus Whitney, who it is claimed, enlisted May 21, 1863, and served as Private and corporal in Co. D, 35 Regt. USCT; also in Co. ,___________and was discharged at Charleston, SC June 1, 1866. 
                 While serving in Co. D 35 Regt. USCT he was disabled by injury to right arm at Polly's Island, SC about the 10 of July 1863, while working on the signal station. ______________________________and was treated in hospitals of which the names, locations, and dates of treatment are as follows:  By regimental surgeon from middle of July to middle of October 1863 on Polly Island, SC by Dr. DeGrasse.

                                            Very respectfully, 
                                                                   William Dudley

So there you have it. It was an injury to right arm. Now for the specifics to the story.

Proof of Disability

State of Illinois County of Cook, 

     On this 1st day of September, A.D. 1884, personally appeared before me, a _________________in and for aforesaid County, duly authorized to administer oaths, William Emerson aged 45 years, a resident of Chicago, in the County of Cook and State of Illinois and ___________aged_____years, a resident of ___________, in the County of ___________and State of __________who, being duly sworn according to law, state that he is acquainted with Augustus Whitney applicant for Invalid Pension; and know the said Augustus Whitney to be the identical person of that name who enlisted or volunteered as a Private in Company D 1 Regiment of NCC afterwards named the 35th USCT Vols, and who at __________on or about_________daty of ________186_ by reason don't know
      That the said Augustus Whitney while in the line of his duty, at or near "Holly's Island" in the State of SC, did, on or about the______day of July, 1863, become disabled in the following manner, viz:  While on duty, working on the parapet of fort on Holly's Island fell from parapet of said fort and incurred an injury of elbow of right arm. And he the said Augustus Whitney by reason of said injury was sent to Regt Hospital on said Island.
     That the facts stated are personally known to the affiant by reason of his being in command of his company at the date of the injury of elbow of right arm. The said Augustus Whitney was absent in Regimental hospital about three months.  Applicant complained at times of disability of the right arm and was excused from hard laborious duty in consequence of it.

And deponent further state that ________well acquainted with the claimant having known him for at least____________, and further that the knowledge of the facts above stated were derived from said acquaintance, and from having served as Capt of Company D of the 1 Regiment of NCC Volunteers, from the 23rd day of May 1863, to the 23 day of May, 1866 far as _____knew, and that he is totally disinterested in this claim.

                                                                   William Emerson
                                                                    Capt D Co

State of Illinois County of Cook, 

      Sworn to and subscribed before me this day by the above-named affiant and I certify that I read the said affidavit to said affiant, and acquainted him with its contents before he executed the same.  I further certify that I am in nowise interested in said case, nor am I concerned in its prosecution; and that said affiant is personally known to me, and that he is a credible person.

                                                                  J Wilson Howell
                                                                   (Magistrate's Signature.)
                                                                  Notary Public
                                                                   (Official character.)

     I certify that J Wilson Howell Esq., hath signed his name to the foregoing declaration and affidavit was at the time of so doing a Notary Public in and for said county and State, duly commissioned and sworn; that all his official acts are entitled to full faith and credit and that his signature thereunto is genuine. 
     Witness my hand and seal of office, this 3rd day of September 1884.
                                                                    M W Ryan
                                                     Clerk of the County Court Court.

Now the reference to "Polly's Island" or "Holly's Island" in the documents listed above, I have figured out since to refer to Pawley's Island, SC. Pawley's Island is located approximately 70 miles north of Charleston and 25 miles south of Myrtle Beach.

Sunday, October 9, 2011

So Who Was Dr. M. M. Murray?

Dr. M. M. Murray
Born July 27, 1828
Died Jan. 26, 1908
Having served his generation by the will
of God he fell asleep. 
Amity Methodist Church
Lake Landing, Hyde, NC
Image courtesy of Find A Grave

On my last post regarding Augustus Whitney's Civil War pension file, I had found out that Dr. M. M. Murray employed my 2nd great grand uncle as an "office boy" prior to the Civil War.  As soon as I found this out, I starting digging to see who this M. M. Murray was. This is what I found out. 

Dr. Morgan Monroe Murray was born July 27, 1828 and died January 26, 1908. He resided in Lake Comfort, Hyde, NC and was both a doctor and a farmer. He was married to a Sarah Jane Gibbs on May 21, 1867. He was the son of a Riley Murray (b.1799--d.1894) who apparently was person of some stature in the Hyde community. Here is a copy of Riley Murray's obituary from March 2, 1894. I found this on the Hyde County GenWeb Page.

HYDE COUNTY - The venerable Riley MURRAY, the oldest citizen of Hyde County, died at his residence on South Lake last week at age 95. He had been blind for some years. He was an old landmark of the county, full of old reminiscences of distinguished men with whom he had been acquainted. His mental faculties were well preserved to the last. We hope some of our Hyde County friends will pay a deserved tribute to his memory and useful life. (The Economist-Falcon - Friday, March 2, 1894; pg. 3)

Riley Murray House
Riley Murray House, Hyde County, North Carolina "State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO), Built Heritage of North Carolina:  Historic Architecture in the Old North State," North Carolina State University Libraries Special Collections Research Center

Now, according to Augustus's pension file he died in Lake Comfort, NC and resided within 2 1/2 to 3 miles of Dr. Murray during the years after the war. Branson's North Carolina Business Directory for 1884 lists Dr. Murray as a farmer and doctor in Lake Comfort. So from this information, I can gather that the Whitney clan that lived in Hyde County resided on land somewhere between Lake Comfort and Lake Landing. 

Hyde County Map

Thursday, October 6, 2011

Wordless Wednesday--Mom and Me.

Do you ever have a case where you think the ancestors are working behind the scenes to get you ready for your big search. Well the reason for my statement has to do do with my journey. My ancestry journey started for me when I was kid and I would look at my Grandmother's picture of her mother in her bedroom. There's a picture of Ophelia Jones Bryant that used to hang in my grandmother's bedroom and whenever I would visit I would look at that picture for a period of time and wonder who that lady was and what she was like. That was for me the catalyst in my journey. Little did I know that there was another beautiful golden nugget just so subtlety in the background of my youth. When I started my ancestry search almost 3 years ago I filled my mother in on every step of the way with all the discoveries I made. My mother had asked for a copy of her great grandmother's picture from my aunt and uncle who live in Morehead City, NC. My Uncle Nat made a copy of the picture he had in their living room and sent it off to my mother showing Rosa Mitchell Jones. Upon receipt my mother quickly showed it to me and I had that wow moment that we long for when doing genealogy. Well anyway it didn't register to me that I had seen the picture before until I looked at a picture of my mom and me visiting her mom when I was in high school. Check this out. Here is the picture of Rosa Mitchell Jones that my uncle sent to my mom promptly on request and subsequently I have it.

Here's a picture of my mom and me during my senior year of high school, visiting her mom and sitting on her piano bench. (hint--look behind us on the piano ledge. Do you see anything familiar?)

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Augustus Whitney--Slave or Free Person of Color?

This Civil War Pension File continues reveal great little tidbits of information. One of the things I was hoping to find out, was who Augustus Whitney worked for before the Civil War. In his U.S. Colored Troop Service record it showed that he was a servant before the war but that could mean he was free or he was a slave. He I believe was of mixed ancestry. His father and grandfather were Portuguese and his mother black. If his mother was a slave, then he and his siblings would have been as well. What kind of person did he work for? Did whoever he worked for treat him with some level of compassion?  One hopes for so much from these old pieces of paper we research. Anyway, here is an affidavit for a Dr. Morgan M. Murray from April 27, 1883 that sheds some light on Augustus Whitney's pre-Civil War life.

Physicians Affidavit 

State of North Carolina County of Hyde In the pension Claim No. 477.762 Augustus Whitney Corpl Co. D 35 Regt U S C Inf Personally came before me a Morgan M. Murray in and for the aforesaid county and State _________________a citizen of _________________whose Post Office address is Lake Comfort, Hyde Co. N.C. well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit and who being duly sworn, declared in relation to aforesaid case as follows:  
     That he is a practicing physician and that he has been acquainted with said soldier for about 25 years and that (following testimony hand written)

Have known the soldier Augustus Whitney for twenty five years. I employed him before the late war as Office boy--Lived near him during this time since the war --within 2 1/2 miles. He appeared to be sound at these times he was in my employ -before the war. 

Did not treat the claimant while in Summer or during the War, on furlough or otherwise absent from duty. Have treated the claimant since discharged for congestion of liver and stomach in 1882. 

The claimant has permanent dislocation of the elbow joint and much trouble with it at times effecting a shoulder when at work. The joint is stiff and joint indention the result and to some degree disqualifies the claimant (next word?) when at times. The injury to the elbow joint was (next part unclear) Since, the result of a fall.

He further declares that he has been a practitioner of medicine for 28 years, and that he has no interest either direct or indirect in the prosecution of this claim. 
                                                                                                 M M Murray 

An affidavit I found further in the file from Augustus Whitney showed that he was indeed a slave before the war. From the testimony provided by M. M. Murray, it sounds as if Augustus was hired out to him. 
Guess I'll be doing some research on this Dr. M. M. Murray guy huh? 

Sunday, October 2, 2011

Augustus Whitney's Civil War Pension File--Part Two

So here is another section of Augustus Whitney's Civil War Pension file. 

Declaration For Invalid Pension

State of  North Carolina, County of Hyde. On this 10th day of April, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and ninety-six, personally, appeared before me, J. M. Watson a Justice of the Peace within and for the County and state aforesaid, Augustus Whitney, aged 55 years, a resident of the _______of Lake Comfort County of Hyde, State of North Carolina, who was enrolled on the 21st day of May, 1863 in Co. D -35-USCT in the service of the United States in the war of the rebellion, and served at least ninety days, and was honorably discharged  at Charleston, S.C., on the 1st day of June, 1866. That he has not been employed in the military or naval service otherwise than as stated above______________
That he is now unable to earn a support by manual labor by reason of injury of right arm. That said disabilities are not due to his vicious habits and are to the best of his knowledge and belief permanent.  That he has applied for pension and that he is a pensioner under Certificate No. 322,907. That he makes the declaration for the purpose of being placed on the pension-roll of the United States under the provisions of the act of June 27, 1890.

     He hereby appoints with full power of substitution and revocation, A. B. Webb of Washington, D.C his true and lawful attorney to prosecute his claim, the fee to be Ten Dollars as prescribed by law.  That his post-office address is Lake Comfort, County of_____________, State of N.C.

1. J W Hayes                                                                                           Augustus Whitney
2. Greely Brim


Also personally appeared Greely Brim, residing at Swan Quarter, and J W Hayes, residing at Lake Comfort, persons whom I certify to be respectable and entitled to credit, and who, being by me duly sworn, say that they were present and saw Augustus Whitney, the claimant, sign his name (or make his mark) to the foregoing declaration; that they have every reason to believe from the appearance of said claimant and their acquaintance with him for 10 years and 30 years respectively, that he is the identical person he represents himself to be and that they have no interest in the prosecution of this claim. 
                                                                                                                 Greely Brim
                                                                                                                 J W Hays

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 10 day of April, and I do hereby certify that the contents of the above declaration,etc. were fully made known and explained to the applicant and witnesses before, swearing, including the words_______________________________________________
erased, and the words_________________________________added; and that I have no interest, direct or indirect, in the prosecution of this claim. 

             Apr 30, 1896                                                                          J. M. Watson                                  
                                                                                                           Justice of the Peace.

The act of June 27, 1890, requires, in case of a soldier: 1. An honorable discharge(but the certificate need not be filed unless called for). 2. A minimum service of ninety days. 3. A permanent physical disability not due to vicious habits. (It need not have originated in the service.) 4. The rates under the act are graded from $6 to $12, proportioned to the degree of inability to earn a support and are not affected by the rank held. 5. A pensioner under prior laws may apply under this one, or a pensioner under this one may apply under other laws, but he cannot draw more than one pension for the same period. 

Certificate No. 322907   Department of the Interior
Bureau of Pensions. 
Washington, D. C. January 15, 1898.
Name  Augustus Whitney

     In forwarding to the pension agent the executed voucher for your next quarterly payment please favor me by returning this circular to him with replies to the questions enumerated below. 
                                                                                         Very respectfully, 

                                                                                                                Mclay Evans?
First, Are you Married? If so please state your wife's full name and her maiden name.  

Answer.  Emeline Whitney widow when I married her, Emeline Turner her maiden name Mason. 

Second. When, where, and by whom were you married?

Answer. Feb 9th, 1898, Lake Landing File, by Rev Samuel Spencer

Third. What record of marriage exists? 

Answer. Marriage license file in office of Reg of Deeds of Hyde Co, NC

Fourth. Were you previously married? If so, please state the name of your former wife and the date and place of her death or divorce. 

Answer. Susan Ann Burns died Lake Comfort April 3rd, 1896

Fifth. Have you any children living? If  so, please state their names and dates of their birth. 

Answer. Ten. Margaret E Dec. 1867, William H July 4, 1872  Ellen A Sept. 10 1874 Annie H Feb 12, 1876  Lilly March 5, 1878 James A Nov 22 1880 Julia B Oct 8th 1893 Thomas G Aug 2nd 1895 Edward R May 4 1888 Joseph R July 27 1890.
                                                                                                   Augustus Whitney
Date of reply , May 4th, 1898   

Points of interest I have put in bold print. What a treasure trove of information. Today was a good day.

Saturday, October 1, 2011

Christmas In October, WooHoo! Augustus Whitney's Civil War Pension File--Part One.

On September 7th, I put in an email request with the National Archives for Augustus Whitney's Civil War Pension file. I was so delighted to receive the file ahead of expectation on Thursday of this week. So WooHoo! Here we go. The file is 125 pages long and filled with lots of leads for me for finding out additional information about my ancestors. Also, it has included some answers to when family members died. It has portions that are out of order but as I have been reading it, I have found that it follows a reverse chronology from shortly after his death to when he first applied for his pension. Some of the pages and testimonies are repetitive and due to the size of the file, I have decided I will share select portions.

The name of the document is a Drop Order and Report from the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Pensions.
Pensioner:  Augustus Whitney
Certificate Number:  322907
Class:  Invalid
Service:  Co. D 35 USC Inf
U.S. Pension Agent, Knoxville
Sir:  You are hereby directed to drop from the roll the name of the above-described pensioner who died unknown, 190_
Commisioner:  V. Warner

Commisioner of Pensions. 
Sir:  The name of the above-described pensioner, who was last paid at $12 per month to 4 Nov, 1907, has this day been dropped from the roll of this agency. 
U.S. Pension Agent:  ???? Rule
February 12, 1908

So from the information provided here I now know that Augustus died before Feb. 12, 1908. Prior to his death he was paid a pension of $12 per month.

You know they need to bring back using artwork at the top of letterheads. I mean, look at that letterhead. That says a statement right? This page shows that Augustus was entitled to a pension under the provisions of the Act of June 27, 1890 at the rate of $12 per month and it was to commence on Jan. 8, 1902.  On the left side of the page it says "Former payments covering any portion of the same time to be deducted. "

This pension being for "Inability to earn a support by manual labor. "
Given at the Department of the Interior this Twenty-sixth day of August one thousand and nine hundred and three and of the Independence of the the United States of America the one hundred and twenty-eighth

Ethan A. Hitchcock--Secretary of the Interior.
Countersigned ????--Acting Commisioner of Pensions

Act of June 27, 1890, as amended by act of May 9, 1900
Declaration For Widow's Pension.

State of North Carolina
County of Hyde

     On this 18th day of Feb, A.D. one thousand nine hundred and eight personally appeared before me a Clerk of the Superior Court within and for the county and State aforesaid, Emeline Whitney, aged 55 years a resident of Swan Quarter, County of Hyde, State of North Carolina, who, being duly sworn according to law makes the following declaration in order to obtain pension under the provisions of the act of Congress approved June 27, 1890, as amended by the act of May 9, 1900.
     That she is the widow of Augustus Whitney, who was invalid under the name of Augustus Whitney at Charleston SC on the _____day of _____, 18___as a private in Co. D 35 Col Regiment, and honorably discharged June 1st, 1866, having served ninety days or more during the late war of the rebellion.  That the soldier was not in the military or naval service of the United States except as stated above. 
     That she was married under the name of Emeline Turner to said soldier at Lake Landing, NC on the 9th day of January, 1898, by Samuel Spencer; that there was no legal barrier to the marriage that she had _____been previously married; that the soldier had_____been previously married. Augustus Whitney's first wife died Apr. 1895 & Emeline Turner's first husband died Sept. 1896, 
     That the said soldier died January 19th, 1908 at Swan Quarter that she was not divorced from him; that she has not remarried since his death; and that she is without other means of support than her daily labor and an actual net income not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars per year.
     That the said soldier left the following named children who are now living and under sixteen years of age, to wit:

(section left blank)

That she has not heretofore applied for pension. 

     That she hereby appoints George H Whitney of Swan Quarter, NC, her true and lawful attorney, to prosecute this claim. 
     That her post-office address is Swan Quarter, County of Hyde, State, of NC.

Attest: (1) E H Jones                                                                Emeline Whitney
           (2) John M Roper                                                          her X mark     

So there you have it folks. Augustus died January 19th 1908. I knew that he was dead by 1910 since he was not listed with the rest of the family in the 1910 census. It is nice to now have the specific date. That date is backed up by other testimonies that I have come across so far in my reading of his file. George H Whitney who acted as her true and lawful attorney, I believe was a cousin of Augustus's but I have to double check that. More tomorrow. Happy Blogging, Everybody!

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